07 CAP ATTACH BOOK 1The Circumpolar Action Plan (CAP) is a 10-year cooperation plan between the Range States that aims to strengthen their efforts in polar bear conservation. The plan was adopted in 2015.

At the biennial meeting of the Polar Bear Agreement in Greenland in 2015, the Range States adopted the CAP with the goal to foster and strengthen international cooperation to conserve polar bears across their range. The CAP builds on each country’s national efforts and aims to lead to more efficient and effective use of conservation resources.  

The vision of the CAP is to secure the long-term persistence of polar bears in the wild that represent the genetic, behavioral, and ecological diversity of the species. 

Seven key threats are identified in the CAP; of these human-induced climate change and the effects of such changes on habitat and prey is considered the primary threat. The other threats include human-caused mortality; mineral and energy resource exploration and development; contaminants and pollution; shipping; tourism-related activities, and disease.

The vision of the plan is supported by six objectives. The objectives are to:

  1. minimize threats to polar bears and their habitat
  2. communicate to the public, policy makers, and legislators around the world the importance of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions to polar bear conservation
  3. ensure the preservation and protection of essential habitat for polar bears
  4. ensure responsible harvest management systems today that will sustain polar bear subpopulations for future generations
  5. manage human-bear interactions to ensure human safety and to minimize polar bear injury or mortality
  6. ensure that international legal trade of polar bears is carried out according to conservation principles and that poaching and illegal trade are curtailed.

The CAP contains strategies and 62 actions geared towards meeting these objectives by 2025. At each Range State biennial meeting, a 2-year implementation plan will be adopted, where a set of actions from the CAP that are to be worked on in the following 2-year interim are identified.


The full text of the CAP, as well as appendices and annexes, can be downloaded here:

Circumpolar Action Plan (CAP)
CAP Appendix I – 1973 Agreement
CAP Appendix II – 2013 Declaration
CAP Appendix III – Monitoring Framework
CAP Appendix IV – Conventions
CAP Appendix V – Subpopulation Inventory Schedule
CAP Appendix VI – Subpopulation TEK Schedule
CAP Annex I – Mineral and Energy Exploration and Development
CAP Annex II – Details of Bilateral Agreements
CAP Annex III – Action Table 2015-2025


2-Year Implementation Plan, 2015-2017

Photo: Mario Hoppmann/Flickr.comPhoto credit: Mario Hoppmann/Flickr.com

Access all Circumpolar Action Plan documents

Photo credit: U.S.Fish and Wildlife ServicePhoto credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Download Circumpolar Action Plan Fact Sheet

Photo credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServicePhoto credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service